Secretary of Commerce Gina Raimondo issued a report Tuesday highlighting the dire state of the ongoing semiconductor shortage in the U.S. and urged lawmakers to pass legislation funding domestic chip manufacturing.
The report, based on information collected from over 150 companies in the semiconductor industry, found that the chip shortage was likely to last well into late 2022, and that demand has increased 17% from 2019 while supply had not kept pace, exacerbating delays and shortages as well as raising prices.
“The median inventory of chips has fallen from 40 days in 2019 to less than five days. These inventories are even smaller in key industries,” Raimondo said in a press release announcing the findings. “That means if a COVID outbreak, a natural disaster, or political instability disrupts a foreign semiconductor facility for even just a few weeks, it has the potential shut down a manufacturing facility in the U.S., putting American workers and their families at risk.”
The report also identified specific areas in the chip supply chain that were contributing the most to supply bottlenecks.
“The primary bottleneck across the board appears to be wafer production capacity, which requires a longer-term solution,” Raimondo said.
Raimondo described the need for domestic investment in chip manufacturing as “extremely urgent,” and urged Congress to pass the U.S. Innovation and Competition Act (USICA), which includes $52 billion in funding for domestic semiconductor fabrication.
“I have been engaged daily with members on both sides of the aisle to get this done,” Raimondo said. “Every day we wait is a day we fall further behind. But if we pass this bill and address this problem, we can create good jobs, rebuild American manufacturing, and strengthen our supply chains here at home for decades to come.”
USICA, which passed the Senate in June 2021 but is currently stalled in the House, is a massive bipartisan bill intended to improve U.S. competitiveness with China in technological progress and innovation.
Several lawmakers, including Ohio Democratic Sen. Sherrod Brown and Ohio Republican Sen. Rob Portman, have urged passage of the bill, citing the need for investment in domestic semiconductor fabrication to boost supply for key industries such as automobile manufacturing.
“The need for this funding is self-evident: over the summer, General Motors, Ford, and other automotive companies announced short-term plant closures in Lima and Toledo, in many cases due to pandemic-related production issues at overseas manufacturers of automotive-grade chips,” the senators said in a January statement.
Raimondo echoed the senators’ remarks in her comments Tuesday, arguing the chip crisis was contributing to worsening inflation.
“In 2021, auto prices drove one-third of all inflation, primarily because we don’t have enough chips. Automakers produced nearly 8 million fewer cars last year than expected, which some analysts believe resulted in more than $210 billion in lost revenue,” Raimondo said. “It is both an economic and national security imperative to solve this crisis.”
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