Explaining Conservatism: Part I

There are a number of reasons many young people shy away from conservatism.

The most obvious is that they have been exposed only to left-wing values — from elementary school through graduate school, in the movies, on television, on social media and now even at Disneyland.

Less obvious but equally significant is that they have never been properly exposed to conservative values. Since at least the World War II generation, most parents who held conservative values either did not think they had to teach their children those values or simply did not know how to do so. Most still don’t. If asked to define conservative values, most conservatives will be tongue-tied.

In light of this, I present here, and in subsequent columns, a list of conservatism’s defining characteristics.

We will begin with the most important conservative value — liberty.

Conservatives believe in individual liberty (there is no liberty other than individual liberty). It has been the primary value of the American experiment. While many countries include the word “liberty” in their national mottoes and national anthems, no country has so emphasized liberty as has America.

That is why:

—The French designers of the Statue of Liberty gave the statue to America.

—The iconic symbol of America is the Liberty Bell.

—The one inscription on the Liberty Bell is a verse about liberty from the Book of Leviticus: “And you shall proclaim liberty throughout the land to all its inhabitants.”

—Americans sing of their country as “the land of the free” and “sweet land of liberty.”

—Until recently, every America schoolchild knew by heart Patrick Henry’s cry, “Give me liberty, or give me death!”

—Chinese young people who protested the Communist takeover of Hong Kong waved the American flag.

And that is why America’s founders were adamant that the state — the national government — be as small, as limited, as possible. The bigger the government, the smaller the liberty. Big government and big liberty are mutually exclusive.

Moreover, liberty is not the only victim of big government. Human life is also a victim. Every genocide of the 20th century, the century of genocide, was committed by big government. Without big government, one hundred million people would not and could not have been slaughtered, and a billion more would not and could not have been enslaved. (There was one exception: the Hutu genocide of Tutsis in Rwanda, which was tribal in nature. Tribal culture, like left-wing culture, emphasizes the group over the individual.)

In order to limit the size and power of the national government, the founders delegated most governmental powers to the states. They did so in the Constitution by specifying what powers the national government had and by asserting that all other powers be delegated to the states. In addition, they increased the power of the states by having presidential elections decided by the states — the Electoral College — rather than by the popular national vote, and by how they structured the Senate, one of the two branches of Congress. They gave every state equal representation in the Senate, no matter how small the population of the state.

The Left’s opposition to the Electoral College and to the Senate makes perfect sense. It is the power inherent in big government, not liberty, that animates the Left. The defining characteristic of every left-wing party and movement in the world has always been an ever bigger and therefore more powerful government.

Liberty is a liberal value as well as a conservative value, but it has never been a left-wing value. Liberty cannot be a left-wing value because the more liberty individuals have, the less power the government has. Conversely, the weaker the state, the weaker the Left.

This especially holds true for the greatest of all liberties — free speech.

Free speech is a fundamental conservative value, and it has been a fundamental liberal value. But it has never been a left-wing value. For that reason, everywhere the Left is dominant — government, media, universities — it stifles dissent. The reason is simple: no left-wing movement can survive an open exchange of ideas. Leftist ideologies are emotion- and power-based, not reason- or morality-based. So, leftists cannot allow honest debate. They do not argue with opponents; they suppress them.

For the first time in American history, freedom of speech is seriously threatened — indeed it has already been seriously curtailed. With the ascent of the Left, the inevitable suppression of free speech is taking place.

That liberals — who have always valued liberty and free speech — vote for the great suppressor of liberty, the Left, is the tragedy of our time. The reason they do so is that liberals forgot what they stand for ; they only remember what they believe they stand against : conservatives.

So, the next time a liberal or left-wing friend or relative asks you what conservatives stand for, say “liberty” — especially free speech. And explain that is why you fear and oppose big government — because big government and individual liberty cannot coexist.

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Dennis Prager

Dennis Prager is a nationally syndicated radio talk-show host and columnist. His commentary on Deuteronomy, the third volume of The Rational Bible, his five-volume commentary on the first five books of the Bible, will be published in October. His latest books, published by Regnery. He is the co-founder of Prager University and may be contacted at

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One Comment

  1. It’s way more than big government and the left’s attack on free speech. The leftist/progressive ideologues have been attacking the foundations of our western civilization for sixty years.

    First, there’s been the left’s constant push to “Secularize” society and demonize Christianity and organized religion. They even invented the dogma of “separation of Church and State” when, in fact, the first amendment says only that “Congress shall make no law respecting establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof”. It says absolutely nothing about the practice of voluntary prayer in government or public facilities which was commonplace for most of our history. Historically, every government process and institution invokes Christianity in some way or another from “In God we Trust” on our money to swearing “on the Bible” to tell the truth for every witness in every court for all our history. At about the same time, the sexual revolution and the women’s liberation movement began, freeing women from the burden of unwanted pregnancy and further eroding our mores. Ditto, the rise of Planned Parenthood and our abortion culture. It took many years, but radical Marxist ideology infiltrated and eventually took over our college campuses, inculcating our youth and further changing our culture. Now, of course, we have radical CRT (along with sexual grooming) unbelievably pushed all the way down to our elementary schools.

    Along the way the ideologues started demonizing our history, slandering our historical icons and imprinting the idea that America is little more than a Colonial empire and the epicenter of slavery for Western civilization. While our history certainly has some horrible scars, our Constitution and Bill of Rights have been the roadmap for our positive evolution and a guiding light to the world for almost 250 years. Real historical truths have been buried. I doubt that any American college graduate in the last twenty years would be able to tell you that more than a hundred million innocent people were slaughtered at the hands of their Communist and Socialist dictators in the last century. Or that America twice saved the world from those real “fascist” dictators. They certainly wouldn’t be able to tell you that the slaves in America were less than .03 of the world’s slave population at the time which was primarily in the Middle East, India and South America. Or that most all of those slaves were sold by other Africans and most were taken out of Africa by Muslims, not Europeans. Our history has been totally propagandized.

    More recently, traditional male roles have been deemed “toxic masculinity” and, of course, homosexuality and transexuals have been lionized. The internet controls our news and gives us free porn and the legitimizing of every kind of sexual perversion. All are seemingly addicted to social media which, instead of “connecting”, actually isolates individuals and hinders any open discourse and, of course, censors the political opposition. The left champions everything I have mentioned. Is it any wonder that we have a sick, narcissistic society that results in the highest levels of depression, drug and alcohol addiction, suicide and violence that we have ever seen? Only a return to a family oriented and Christian value centered society can save our civilization and, sadly, that doesn’t look very likely at this point.

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