The Federal Reserve excluded one key line from its Wednesday interest rate decision announcement, indicating possible trouble in the ailing banking sector that could spread to the wider economy.
The Federal Open Market Committee released a statement at the conclusion of its January meeting regarding the health of the economy, as well as a decision to keep the federal funds rate in a range of 5.25% and 5.50%. The statement excluded a phrase that had been present in previous months that reads, “The U.S. banking system is sound and resilient,” indicating that a troubled American banking sector could weigh on the future economy.
The American banking sector has recently been under close watch by federal regulators after depositors at Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) triggered a bank run in March 2023, resulting in its eventual collapse and emergency acquisition by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). SVB’s collapse frightened other depositors at regional banks, leading Signature and First Republic to also fail, with the latter being acquired by the FDIC and sold to megabank JPMorgan Chase.
“The U.S. banking system is sound and resilient" removed from the Fed statement…
— Geiger Capital (@Geiger_Capital) January 31, 2024
The FDIC traditionally only insures deposits over $250,000 for banks, but federal regulators chose to extend insurance at banks whose failures are designated as a systemic risk.
Smaller community banks are suffering the most in the current system compared to top megabanks, like JPMorgan, due to smaller institutions’ inability to absorb the increased costs associated with higher interest rates. Depositors have also become less willing to put their money into smaller banks due to the perceived risks of bank failures resulting from the sector crisis last year, leading to increased business for big banks.
Net income at small institutions was down substantially in the fourth quarter as a result of an exodus by depositors from smaller banks to larger institutions. On the other hand, the top four U.S. banks — JPMorgan, Bank of America, Wells Fargo and Citigroup — saw their earnings rise 11% during 2023 to over $100 billion.
Smaller banks also provide a unique hold on commercial real estate loans, with banks outside of the top 25 in terms of assets holding around 67.2% of loans in commercial real estate, but only 37.6% of all loans. Commercial real estate is currently in the midst of a debt crisis due largely to an increase in interest rates and a fall in demand, creating risks for the banks they owe.
The Federal Reserve declined to comment to the Daily Caller News Foundation.
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