For modern businesses, sharing data has become really important. And as companies include sensitive data, there must be a secure system for data exchange. One of the most common ways of connecting two or more computers for data transmission is by using the HTTP protocol. It allows you to upload and download files and is commonly called an FTP. And this is what we’re going to tell you about in this article.
What Is An FTP?
FTP stands for file transfer protocol. This is a platform that allows different computers to communicate with each other securely. If your organization wants to share files between computers within the organization or outside the organization, both are possible with a file transfer protocol. In an FTP server, all your files are stored in one place, and the server provides you with the specific piece of data when you ask for it.
Working on an FTP server is relatively easy as you can use a simple command-line interface to access your stored data. The server allows you to exchange any kind of file, including documents, music, videos, etc.
How Does An FTP Server Work?
It needs two parties for an FTP server to establish a network to communicate. Though it’s an open-source distribution network, you can deny access to a user to the FTP server by providing its credentials. When two distinct communication channels require to share data, the FTP server establishes a connection between both. The first channel is called the command channel, where the instruction is initiated. The other one is called the data channel, from where the distribution of data happens.
When you try to transfer a file, you request the protocol to create specific changes in the server. And when the server grants access, a connection is established. Data distribution can be interrupted in an active mode if a firewall is protecting the user’s machine, and a firewall restricts any unauthorized session from an external party.
When such issues occur, the passive mode becomes the only solution for data transmission. Both users can command the data channel in this mode, and the server listens to the command rather than creating a connection back to the user.
How To Use An FTP Server?
There are three different ways of establishing an FTP connection. The simplest method of using an FTP server is using a command-line FTP, and it is the same as using a command prompt for Windows or Mac. Many organizations still use command-line FTP for transferring files.
Another method of using FTP is through a web browser to communicate with an FTP server. This is the most convenient way of using an FTP server as the users can access large directories in the server. Well, it is often slower than a dedicated FTP program and a little less reliable.
In the current scenario, most organizations are relying upon FTP clients for using an FTP server. An FTP client provides a more efficient solution compared to the command line and web browser. And the clients avail more features and allow the users to transfer large files effectively.
So, there you have enough knowledge about an FTP server. And we hope you are ready to send and receive files using an FTP server. It’s always better to work with an FTP client to use an FTP server without a glitch. We hope this article helped you understand what an FTP Server is and the different methods and programs used in an FTP server.