Money & The Economy

Commercial aerospace spending declines, while defense speeds ahead

F-35B taking off from Assault Craft

  • Global defense subsector grew by 3.9 percent to $361.5 billion in 2017 with military spending continuing to rise across the globe
  • U.S. A&D industry revenue growth reverses two-year trend — U.S. marginally outperformed European counterparts with a 3.4 percent year-on-year growth

Global aerospace and defense (A&D) sector revenues grew by 2.7 percent to reach US$685.6 billion in 2017, according to the 2018 Global aerospace and defense sector financial performance study released by Deloitte Global. Launched in anticipation of the Farnborough Airshow, the results highlight that while revenue growth for the industry as a whole continues to accelerate, it lagged in comparison to an estimated 3.1 percent in global gross domestic product (GDP) growth.

Overall, the top 100 companies highlighted in the Deloitte report added US$18.3 billion in revenues in 2017, driven by robust growth in the defense sector in particular. With US defense budgets returning to growth, solid performance of 3.9 percent growth was recorded by the defense sector, compared to a 1.2 percent growth in the commercial aerospace sector. Fewer twin-aisle aircraft deliveries in the U.S. contributed significantly to this muted aerospace growth, however, it is estimated that approximately 38,600 jets will be delivered globally over the 2017-2036 period due to demand for new aircrafts.

As in previous years, original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and companies in the electronics segment drove overall revenue growth in 2017, adding US$5.6 billion and US$4.7 billion in revenues, respectively.

“We continue to see the leaders in the A&D space grow significantly due to ever-evolving global security threats, as evidenced by the healthy growth in the defense sector,” says Robin Lineberger, Deloitte Global and U.S. Aerospace & Defense leader, Deloitte Services LP. “While commercial aerospace growth was subdued in 2017, the sector’s operating margin reached 11 percent in 2017, nearing that of its defense counterpart and we expect to see continued growth for years to come.”

As the industry reflects on the financial performance of the global A&D industry in 2017, additional key findings that emerged include:

  • Reversing the previous two years, US A&D growth outperformed European counterparts. Robust performance of the U.S. defense sector led the US to outpace European companies, experiencing a 3.4 percent growth compared to a 3.2 percent growth in Europe. Higher defense spending in both regions led to growth, however, Europe’s commercial aerospace sector recorded modest growth in comparison to the U.S.’s slower acceleration.
  • Productivity gains are leading to increased profitability. A&D productivity rose 8.6 percent in 2017, with productivity per employee among global A&D companies increasing to US$38,543. The U.S. experienced particularly impressive growth, with productivity per employee rising 12.3 percent in comparison to 1.9 percent in Europe.
  • US A&D industry grows global operating margins in 2017. Operating margins for the industry expanded to 10.8 percent, up from 10.2 percent in 2016.

“With a rapidly changing business environment, we expect the global A&D industry to continue to evolve as the industry meets consumer demands, adapts to emerging technologies, and doubles down on innovation,” adds Lineberger. “Looking ahead, companies that are able to capitalize on new technologies and create competitive advantage will ultimately be best positioned to drive the A&D sector into the future.”

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Carl Fox

Carl Fox is the senior money and finance writer for Conservative Daily News. Follow him in the "Money & The Economy" section at CDN and see his posts on the "Junior Economists" Facebook page.

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