Home >> Customs, Border and Immigration News >> Surge Of Bangladeshi Migrants With Bogus Passports Causing US To Rely On Dental Exams

Surge Of Bangladeshi Migrants With Bogus Passports Causing US To Rely On Dental Exams

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An influx of Bangladeshi and other illegal migrants carrying fake identification is causing U.S. officials to rely on dental examinations to figure out their age, but such a method has proven frequently unreliable.

As Border Patrol continues to manage the flood of Central Americans appearing at the U.S. southern border, agents are now dealing with a sharp rise of another group of immigrants. Border Patrol apprehension of Bangladeshi migrants hit 1,203 in fiscal year 2018, a rise of 109% from the previous year, according to data compiled by the Los Angeles Times. Between fiscal year 2017 and 2018, the number of Bangladeshi minors in the custody of Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR) climbed 221%.

As the number of Bangladeshi migrants reaching the U.S. border has increased, so has the number of documented fraud.

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Over 150 Bangladeshis identifying as minors and determined to be adults were transferred into Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) custody between October and March 8. A number of Bangladeshis in ICE custody and claiming to be minors were found to have passports and birth certificates with contradictory information — including their birth dates.

Immigration fraud is becoming more pervasive at the U.S.-Mexico border, largely fueled by immigrants’ knowledge that preferential treatment is given to minors and family unit. During a six-month time period, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) determined around 2,700 migrants to be lying about their familial status. Other documented cases of child smuggling rings and migrant adults “renting” children has shocked U.S. law enforcement.

While DNA testing and other programs have helped in determining the legitimacy of family unit claims, age determination has proven much harder.

Approvals of age determination exams — which includes dental exams — by the Department of Health and Human Services more than doubled between fiscal year 2017 and 2018. While the the House Appropriations Committee called on DHS to stop depending on forensic testing of teeth and bones because of their unreliability, a new law in 2008 paved the way for age determinations to involve numerous forms of evidence, including radiographs.

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Under the standard set out by the U.S. government, if a dental exam analysis determines an individual to have at least a 75% probability of being 18 or older, they are transferred to adult custody. While federal law forbids officials from relying exclusively on bone and teeth exams, a review of court documents by The Los Angeles Times found that, in at least three cases, immigration officials relied exclusively on radiographs to determine migrants’ ages.

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