The Defense Department frequently participates in humanitarian assistance and disaster response missions in the U.S. and abroad.
DOD is uniquely postured to provide this assistance because of assets such as transport ships and aircraft, medical personnel, engineering equipment and search and rescue expertise.
DOD almost always works in cooperation with other federal agencies and nongovernmental organizations, such as the Red Cross, U.S. Agency for International Development and the Federal Emergency Management Agency. The services also usually work alongside allied and partner nation militaries and agencies.
Humanitarian operations often result in lives saved and goodwill here and abroad. Additionally, these operations help build partnerships, particularly when nations participate in disaster response exercises before an actual disaster strikes.
DOD’s humanitarian aid efforts are not new. During the 1948-49 Berlin Airlift, food and relief supplies were delivered by air to the people of West Berlin after the Soviets blocked rail and road traffic to the city.
Humanitarian operations frequently occur in the Ring of Fire, a belt of volcanic and earthquake prone along the Pacific coast of the Americas and Asia. DOD took part in a large-scale humanitarian operation in 2011 in Japan called Operation Tomodachi, after a large earthquake and tsunami devastated an area of northwest Honshu.
An unusual humanitarian operation took place in 2014 — Operation United Assistance. The services, in support of USAID, provided medical, engineering and other assets to fight against the Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa, particularly Liberia.
One of the most remote humanitarian operations, Operation Sahayoji Haat, took place in Nepal in 2015 in the aftermath of a devastating earthquake. Marine Corps helicopters and tilt-rotor aircraft flew relief supplies into remote Himalayan Mountain villages and Air Force C-17 Globemaster III aircraft transported supplies as well.
A recent humanitarian operation was the Mozambique Humanitarian Relief effort to provide relief aid to that nation, following Cyclone Idai’s devastation in March. DOD’s participation ended April 13.
An example of a large DOD/FEMA domestic humanitarian operation took place in 2005 after Hurricane Katrina, which devastated parts of Louisiana and other Gulf Coast areas to the east.
Source: Department of DefenseSubscribe to our Morning Briefing and get the news delivered to your inbox before breakfast!